Monday, October 8, 2012

Kana Wa Akhwatoha (كان وأخواتها) - continued-

Their work is conditional and unconditional, and they are divided into three groups:
First Group, which work with no condition. They are eight verbs, as follows:
كان، أمسى، أصبح، أضحى، بات، ظل، صار، ليس
ٍSecond Group: Should be preceded by: Negative, or prohibition, or prayer (Do’aa)
And it is four verbs: زَالَ (Past of يزال) بَرِحَ ، فتئ، انفك  
Example for Negative: Quranic Verse
 "وَلاَ يزَالُونَ مُخْتَلِفِينَ"، "لَنْ نَبْرَحَ عَلَيْهِ عَاكِفِينَ"، "تَاللَّهِ تَفْتَأُ تَذْكُرُ يُوسُفَ"
Also, ما انفكَّ المطرُ نازلاً
Example for Prohibition : Poet says:
صاح شمر ولا تزال ذاكر المو  ت فنسيناه ضلال مبين
Example for Prayer (Doaa), Zee Arremma (Poet) said:
ألا يا أسلَمي يا دار ميَّ على البلى ولازال مُنهِلاً بِجرعائكِ القطرُ
Where poet prays for the houses of his beloved one to be always safe and sound and always to be blessed with gifts.
Third Group: It should be preceded with "ما" المصدرية الظرفية  (Source Situational Ma) as: دَامَ
Example: "وأوْصَانِي بِالصَّلاةِ والزَّكَاةِ مَا دُمْتُ حَيًّا"
كانَ وَأخَوَاتُها (Kana and its sisters) are divided into three divisions:
First Division: never gets changed, (never be but past) which is لَيْسَ، دَامَ
Second division: partially gets changed, such as زَالَ، بَرِحَ، فَتِئَ، انْفَكَّ
These verbs are used in present, and never be used in a command form or source form
 To be CONTinued ====== 

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